What is a Simple Sentence?
Every sentence that we write has got a particular structure. It is not always that we focus on it and understand what kind of sentence it is. We have studied all about this at school, and we have let it slip away from our minds. However, it is important to remember this always so that we can form better sentences and improve our quality of writing. The four types of sentence structures in English grammar are as follows:
- Simple Sentence
- Complex Sentence
- Compound Sentence
- Compound-Complex Sentence
These sentences are classified based on the clauses used in them. A clause is a part of a sentence that has a verb in it. Let us understand more about simple sentences in this article:
Structure of a simple sentence
When a sentence has only one clause in it, it is termed as a simple sentence. This clause can contain two verbs as well. In simpler words, the sentence has only one independent clause and can stand on its own. These sentences are great when you plan to write short sentences in your content. However, when you want to convey your meaning in a longer sentence, using only one verb/clause may not be ideal for you. You may have to resort to complex or compound sentences in that case.
Examples of simple sentences
Here are few examples of simple sentences to explain this concept further for you:
- I play on the ground.
- The dog barked and bit.
- The teacher is in the classroom.
- Jack and Jill went up the hill.
Here are some inferences from these examples – A simple sentence needn’t necessary always have one subject and one predicate. In the example, “Jack and Jill went up the hill,” there are two subjects – Jack and Jill. However, in this sentence, they are treated as a single unit. Hence, it makes more sense to explain that a simple sentence always has one unit of the subject and one unit of the predicate. The same rule applies to the example, “Zoology and Botany are two main parts of biology.”
Why use simple sentences?
Since simple sentences have only independent clause, they are very easy to understand, and they help you put forward your point very clearly. To stress upon something or to elaborate your point further, you can make use of complex or compound sentences as the situation permits. New learners of the English language prefer to write and communicate in simple sentences as they are easy to understand.
However, it is a misconception that simple sentences can be used to express simple or plain ideas of everyday lives. It can also be used to express deep philosophical thoughts and more complicated ideas. The only point that you have to take care while constructing this sentence is to ensure that you use only one independent clause.
There is no hard and fast rule that you need to follow when you use punctuation marks at the end of these sentences. Full stop, question mark, and exclamation marks can be used at the end of a simple sentence, based on the idea that the sentence conveys. If the sentence is only a declaration of a remark or opinion, you can use a full stop at the end. If it is interrogative, you need to use a question mark at the end. If the sentence exclaims about something or denotes expressions like shock, surprise, anger, etc. you have to use an exclamation mark at the end.
Of all the four types of sentence structures, simple sentences are the easiest to understand. They form the basis around which you can construct complex sentences and compound sentences. Hence, it is important to understand the basic concepts of writing simple sentences.