What is a sentence?

Definition of a sentence

To understand sentence structure, it’s important that you know what is a sentence. A sentence in grammar is a set of semantically arranged words and conveys a complete thought. It is the basic grammatical unit. It essentially contains a subject and a predicate. The subject is a noun, pronoun, or a set of words that can function as a noun. A subject in a sentence performs the action/verb. The subject must contain at least a noun or a pronoun, and the predicate must contain a verb. Sometimes the subject or the predicate may be implied. A sentence starts with a capital letter and ends with a period, question mark, or exclamation mark. A sentence must have at least one independent clause.

When a sentence contains one independent clause only and no dependent clause, it is called a simple sentence.

Examples of sentences

  • Jill went up the hill.
  • When I was going to the office, I met my friend on the way.
  • Jill did all the work, but Jack played all the time.

Types of Sentences

There are different types of sentences. Types of sentences can be further classified into two categories:

  1. Types of sentences based on function.
  2. Types of sentences based on the structure.

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